Having children around the world

Ever wondered what it is like to have a baby in different countries around the world?  I was chatting to a mum from German at a toddler group a little while ago and was surprised at how different their maternity leave and pay arrangements are to the UKs. My inner stats geek prompted me to do some research into what it is like to have a baby around the world.

having childdren around the world

UK
The average age of a mother giving birth to her first child is 30.2 years.

The infant mortality rate: 4.38 deaths/1,000 live births
The maternal mortality rate: 9 deaths/100,000 live births

Length of maternity leave is up to 52 weeks statutory maternity leave.

Statutory Maternity Pay is paid for 39 weeks. Made up of 6 weeks at 90% of your average weekly earnings followed by 33 weeks paid at £139.58 or 90% of your average weekly earnings (whichever is lower).

UK employers can chose to enhance statutory maternity pay by offering contractual maternity pay.

Of families with dependant children:
• 46% of families had one child
• 40% of families had two children
• 14% had three children

The average number of people per household was 2.39 people.

USA
The average age of a mother giving birth to her first child is 26.3 years.

The infant mortality rate: 5.87 deaths/1,000 live births
The maternal mortality rate: 14 deaths/100,000 live births

Length of maternity leave 12 weeks unpaid leave following birth (although there are some exceptions – e.g. if a company has less than 50 employees, a mother has less than 12 months employment or is in the top 10% of wages).

Maternity pay – 4 US states have publicly funded maternity leave (California, New Jersey, Massachusetts and Rhode Island). Outside of these states there is no statutory maternity pay.

It is down to individual employers to decide if they will offer paid maternity leave as an employee benefit. Approximately 12% of US mothers have access to paid maternity leave.

The average number of people per household is 3.13 people.

India
The average age of a mother giving birth to her first child is 19.9 years

The infant mortality rate 41.81 deaths/1,000 live births
The maternal mortality rate 174 deaths/100,000 live births

Length of maternity leave – currently 12 weeks paid maternity leave (paid at fully pay) but due to increase to 26 weeks paid maternity leave (subject to changes being approved by the India parliament).

The average number of people per household size is 5.3 people.

Germany
Average age of a mother giving birth to her first child is 29.2 years old

The infant mortality rate 3.43 deaths/1,000 live births
The maternal mortality rate 6 deaths/100,000 live births

Maternity leave: An employee is entitled to parental leave until their child turns three. During this time an employee is not obliged to work and their job is held open by the employer. There are options for parental leave to be taken by the mother and father individually or jointly. There is also an option to transfer up to 24 months parental leave to use between the age 2 and 7.

Maternity pay: Parental allowance is paid for 12 months and is roughly equivalent to two thirds of your previous income. There is an option for mothers and fathers to share the parental allowance. Parental allowance is also received if you were not in employment before giving birth.

There is also a “parental allowance plus” which is paid in to parents returning to work on a part time basis. This is roughly half of the amount of the parental allowance but is paid for a longer period of time.

The average number of people per household 2.09.

Conclusion
I’m really surprised that maternity pay is better in India than the USA – I can’t imagine having to go back to work with a 3 month old baby. I love the idea of being paid maternity allowance while working part time in Germany, although I can’t imagine having 3 years off work to have a baby (plus this must be quite a challenge for employers to accommodate). It’s interesting to see that we are choosing to have our children later in the UK, I had my daughter when I was 28 so below the average age for having a first child. I’m also happy to be in a rather exclusive club of UK families with 3 children.

Do you have an experience of having a child outside of the UK – is there anything surprising about having children in your country.

One thought on “Having children around the world

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

CommentLuv badge